Vietnam’s manufacturing sector thrived in 2018

By Phuong Anh - Jan 07, 2019 | 06:00 AM GMT+7

TheLEADERDecember data completes positive year for Vietnam’s manufacturing sector with further solid rises in output and new orders as well as input costs decrease for first time in 34 months.

According to Nikkei – IHS Market’s press releases, Vietnam Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) posted 53.8 in December, signaling a further solid improvement in the health of the Vietnamese manufacturing sector.

Although down from November’s near-record reading of 56.5, the latest figure was in line with the average for 2018 as a whole. December rounded off a positive year for Vietnamese manufacturers, with the average PMI reading the highest for any calendar year since the survey began in 2011.

Output continued to increase in December, with growth softening from that seen in November but remaining solid.

The same was true for new orders, where a marked expansion was recorded that extended the current sequence of growth to 37 months. New export business also rose at a solid pace at the end of the year.

The softening of input cost inflation seen through much of the second half of the year gave way to an outright monthly fall in input prices during December. This was the first reduction in input prices since February 2016.

With input prices decreasing, Vietnamese manufacturers lowered their output charges accordingly. Selling prices have now decreased in three of the past four months, with the latest reduction the most marked in almost three years.

Manufacturers generally expect output growth to continue over the coming year, with confidence linked to predictions of higher new orders and business expansion plans.

Positive expectations encouraged firms to increase their purchasing activity again in December, and at a marked pace. Efforts to build inventory reserves were also evident. Both stocks of purchases and finished goods increased at the end of the year, albeit to lesser extents than seen in November.

Commenting on Nikkei’s survey, Andrew Harker, Associate Director at IHS Markit said: “The recent success of Vietnamese manufacturing firms in being able to generate strong new order growth continued in December.”

“This meant that 2018 as a whole was the best calendar year for the sector since the PMI survey began in 2011 and leaves the industry well placed to have a positive 2019 despite headwinds elsewhere in the global economy,” said he.