The modernized irrigation systems will improve agricultural productivity, especially among farmers growing high-value crops such as coffee, peppers, grapes, dragon fruits, and mangoes.
The Asian Development Bank (ADB)’s support for the upgraded irrigation systems, which will supply water on-demand through pressurized pipe systems, also covers policy measures to help the provinces of Binh Thuan, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Khanh Hoa, and Ninh Thuan improve irrigation management services, including the operations and maintenance of irrigation infrastructure.
It will also support the development of improved groundwater and water productivity assessments, as well as micro-irrigation systems based on the type of crops and farmer demand.
“Modernized irrigation systems maximizing the potential of Viet Nam’s agricultural sector are crucial to the country’s goal of pursuing inclusive and sustainable growth,” said ADB Senior Natural Resources Economist Mr. Sanath Ranawana.
“The project’s focus on climate resilience, particularly by providing water on-demand to farmers, will help small holder farmers increase crop yield and boost their incomes.”
Agriculture plays a significant part in Viet Nam’s economy, contributing 18.3% of the country’s gross domestic product and 44% of the labor force from 2008–2016.
However, despite having one of the best irrigation coverage in Southeast Asia, covering about 50% of the country’s arable land area, more than half of Viet Nam’s irrigation systems remain under capacity due to outdated infrastructure.
This affects the productivity of farmers in drought-affected provinces in Viet Nam, especially given the effects of climate change.
ADB’s assistance is composed of a $100 million concessional loan and a $300,000 grant from the Climate Change Fund, established in May 2008 to facilitate greater investments in ADB’s developing member countries to effectively tackle climate change.
ADB will also administer another $750,000 grant from the Netherlands Trust Fund under the Water Financing Partnership Facility, which was established in November 2006 to improve access to water resources among people living in the project area.
The grant will support the development of water resource assessments and a water allocation framework, water productivity assessments, and a crop water monitoring platform.